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Dr. Shady Salem

Oral Thrush: Causes, Treatment, & Prevention

Oral Thrush: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

Oral thrush, also known as oral candidiasis, is a yeast infection that occurs in the mouth and throat. It can develop on the inside of chicks, tongue, and palate. It is usually caused by...
Cold Sores: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

Cold Sores: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

Cold sores, also known as fever blisters, are a contagious viral infection caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV). they are characterized by inflamed, painful blisters on the lip or at the transition between the...
Canker Sores: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

Canker Sores: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

Canker Sores, also known as aphthous ulcers, are painful, small, shallow, and non-contagious ulcers that develop on the oral mucosa or at the base of gums. They are round or oval with a white or...
Mouth Ulcers: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

Mouth Ulcers: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

Mouth ulcers are oval or round lesions, which form on the mucous membrane of the oral cavity, including the lip, cheek, tongue, palate, and floor of the mouth. Mouth ulcers are characterized by a...
Teeth Grinding: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

Teeth Grinding: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

Teeth grinding, also known as “bruxism”, is a parafunctional habit. It involves involuntary grinding and clenching of teeth with no functional purpose. Examples of parafunctional habits: Checks, lips, and tongue biting. Teeth grinding and...
Bad Breath: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

Bad Breath: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

Bad breath, also known as “halitosis”, is an unpleasant and embarrassing condition that can lead to social problems. Poor oral hygiene is the most common cause. Also, it can be caused by medical conditions...
Gum Disease: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

Gum Disease: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

Gum disease is an inflammation of gums (gingiva), which can extend to the jawbone and tooth-supporting tissues. It is triggered mainly by bacteria in the dental plaque, a sticky, colorless layer that forms on...
Dental Caries: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

Dental Caries: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

Dental caries, also known as “Tooth decay”, is caused by bacteria in the oral cavity. Which, accumulates on tooth surfaces and produce acidic metabolites (mainly lactic acid) that damage the tooth enamel. At the...
Dental Anatomy: The Structure of a Tooth and Surrounding Tissues

Tooth Anatomy: The Structure of Tooth and Surrounding Tissues

Tooth anatomy, The tooth is the hardest substance in the human body. Our teeth serve primarily as a chewing organ. With teeth, you can bite, crush and grind the food and prepare it before...
Fluoride: An Effective Weapon Against Dental Caries

Fluoride: An Effective Weapon Against Dental Caries

Fluoride is a chemical compound based on fluorine. The fluorine (gas) is hardly presented in a pure form. It connects very quickly with other elements. If fluorine connected with another element, it called fluoride with...

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