Bone loss in teeth is a dental problem that affects many people and can lead to further complications if left untreated. Bone loss occurs when the bone around your teeth begins to deteriorate due to gum disease or other causes. This condition can lead to tooth mobility and eventually tooth loss. In this blog post, we’ll discuss the causes and various treatments for bone loss in teeth.
Causes of Jawbone Loss
Periodontitis, an advanced stage of gum disease, is the most common cause of bone loss in teeth. Gum disease occurs as a result of plaque buildup on teeth. Dental plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth when we don’t brush and floss regularly.
When plaque accumulates around the gum line, it can cause gingivitis, an inflammation of the gums. Gingivitis is a curable condition with improving oral hygiene and professional teeth cleaning. However, if left untreated, gingivitis can progress into periodontitis, an advanced form of gum disease.
Periodontitis destroys the tissue and bone supporting your teeth, leading to tooth mobility and loss. If you have periodontitis, schedule an appointment with your dentist for periodontitis and bone loss in teeth treatments.
Other Causes of Bone Loss in Teeth & Various Treatments
The treatment of bone loss in teeth depends on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. In addition to periodontitis, other causes of bone loss in teeth include:
- Trauma or injury to the jaw
- Teeth grinding or clenching (bruxism)
- Poor nutrition
- Smoking and tobacco use
- Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes.
- Prolonged use of certain medications
- Age-related bone loss
How I Know I Have Bone Loss?
The most common symptom of bone loss in teeth is tooth mobility or looseness. You may also notice that your gums are receding, and you have persistent bad breath even after brushing. Other symptoms include redness and swelling of the gums, pain when chewing, and a change in bite alignment.
If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, make an appointment with your dentist for a thorough examination. X-rays may also be used to assess the severity of your condition.
Treatments for Bone Loss in Teeth
The treatment depends on the cause and severity of the bone loss. Your dentist will first diagnose the cause of your bone loss and then develop a treatment plan specific to your needs. Treatments for bone loss in teeth include:
- Scaling and root planing: This is a deep cleaning of teeth that removes plaque and tartar (hardened plaque) buildup around the gum line. It can help reduce inflammation and stop the progression of periodontitis and bone loss.
- Antibiotics: Your dentist may prescribe antibiotics to help fight infection and reduce inflammation.
- Flap surgery: In more severe cases, your dentist may need to perform flap surgery. This procedure involves lifting the gums away from the teeth to perform a deep cleaning and remove infected tissue.
- Bone grafting: If the bone loss is severe, your dentist may recommend a bone graft to help rebuild the jawbone. This procedure involves placing a bone graft material in the affected area to help regenerate lost tissue and restore the strength of the jawbone.
- Pocket reduction surgery (osseous surgery): This surgical procedure reduces the depth of pockets around the teeth, which helps prevent further bone loss.
- Nightguard: A nightguard is a custom-made appliance that helps protect your teeth from grinding and clenching. This can help reduce stress placed on the jawbone and reduce bone loss.
- Tooth extraction: If the tooth is loose and cannot be saved, your dentist may recommend extraction. After the tooth removal, your dentist can recommend replacement options to restore your smile, such as dental bridges and implants.
Your dentist will discuss treatments for bone loss in teeth with you and help you determine the most effective option for your specific situation.
Are There Treatments for Bone Loss at Home?
No, there are no treatments for bone loss in teeth that can be done at home. All treatments must be done at a dental office by a professional dentist.
However, there are some things you can do at home to help prevent further bone loss and keep your oral health in check:
- Brush twice daily with fluoride toothpaste.
- Floss daily to remove plaque between the teeth and along the gumline.
- Avoid smoking, which has been linked to oral health problems, including bone loss.
- Eat a balanced diet high in calcium and other minerals to help promote healthy bones.
- Visit your dentist every six months for checkups and cleanings.
Treatments for Bone Loss in Teeth – Conclusion
Periodontitis, an advanced stage of gum disease, is one of the most common causes of bone loss in teeth. Bone loss can lead to tooth mobility and eventually tooth loss if left untreated.
Treatments for bone loss in teeth vary depending on the severity and cause of the condition. Treatment includes scaling and root planing and surgical procedures, such as bone grafts.
If you think you have signs of bone loss, see your dentist as soon as possible for an accurate diagnosis and treatment. With the right care, you can prevent further bone loss and keep your smile looking its best.