Dental crowns are one of the most common dental procedures. They are used to restore the shape, size, and overall appearance of a damaged tooth. Ceramic crowns, specifically, are a popular choice due to their natural look and durability. If you are considering getting a ceramic crown, this blog post will provide you with all the information you need to know.
Types of Dental Crowns
A dental crown is a dental restoration that covers the entire visible area of a tooth. It is used to restore the shape, size, and function of a damaged tooth. It is also may be recommended to strengthen a weak tooth, such as after a tooth with a large filling or after a root canal treatment.
Dental crowns can also be used for cosmetic purposes, for example, to improve the appearance of a misshapen tooth, close gaps between teeth, or even cover discolored teeth. A dental crown can be made from a variety of materials, such as:
- Metal/Gold alloys: These crowns are made entirely from metal and offer the most strength and durability, making them ideal for molars.
- Porcelain-fused-to-metal: This type of crown combines a metal base with a porcelain covering, creating a strong and esthetic restoration.
- All-porcelain/all-ceramic: These crowns are made entirely from ceramic material. All ceramic crown is made from a type of porcelain material that is similar to the natural tooth color. These crowns provide an excellent cosmetic result and blend in with surrounding teeth.
- Resin material: This type of crown is made from a composite resin material that can be matched to the color of existing teeth. They are not as strong or durable as other types of crowns but offer an esthetic alternative. It is usually used as a temporary crown between dental appointments.
What is a Ceramic Crown?
Ceramics are an exceptional material in dentistry, gaining popularity for its unmatched combination of durability, aesthetics, and biocompatibility. Ceramic material is now used in various dental treatments, such as crowns, bridges, veneers, and implants. A ceramic crown can be:
- Metal-ceramic crown, also known as porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM) crowns, is made from a combination of metal and porcelain materials. The metal base provides strength and durability, while the ceramic material gives an excellent esthetic result, allowing it to blend in with your natural teeth.
- All-ceramic crown, also known as full ceramic crown, is made entirely from ceramic material with no metal base. All-ceramic crowns are strong and durable and provide the best aesthetic result.
Advantages of a Ceramic Crown
Ceramic material in dentistry has several outstanding properties that make it an excellent choice for dental restorations:
- Aesthetics: Ceramic crowns exhibit a translucency that closely mimics natural tooth enamel, allowing them to blend seamlessly with the surrounding teeth. This makes ceramic crowns ideal for patients seeking the most natural-looking restoration. Also, a ceramic crown is stain-resistant.
- Biocompatibility: Ceramic is a biocompatible material, meaning it is well-tolerated by the body and has a low risk of causing allergic reactions compared to other dental materials. This makes ceramic crowns safer for patients with metal allergies or sensitivities.
- Durability: Despite their delicate appearance, ceramic crowns are incredibly durable. They are resistant to wear, can withstand biting and chewing forces, and have a lifespan comparable to metal crowns when properly cared for. Like natural teeth, a tooth crown can become broken or chipped for several reasons.
- Heat insulation: Unlike metal, ceramic material does not conduct heat well, providing better thermal insulation for the tooth and reducing sensitivity to hot and cold.
Ceramic material in dentistry, particularly in the form of a ceramic crown, offers an ideal balance of strength, aesthetics, and biocompatibility, making it a popular choice for many dental patients.
All-Ceramic vs. Porcelain-Fused-to-Metal-Crown
Both all-ceramic and PFM crowns provide reliable protection for damaged teeth, but the most suitable type will depend on your individual needs.
An all-ceramic crown is entirely made of ceramic material, offering better aesthetic results by mimicking the natural color and translucency of a natural tooth. It is typically used for front teeth restorations due to its exceptional blend with natural tooth color. However, it is more expensive than a PFM crown.
On the other hand, a porcelain-fused-to-metal crown (PFM) is a combination of metal and porcelain. It has a metal base for added strength, making it suitable for both front and back teeth restorations.
However, the metal layer can sometimes create a slightly darker line along the gum, making it less aesthetic compared to an all-ceramic crown. In rare cases, allergic reactions may occur due to the presence of metal.
Overall, both all-ceramic and PFM crowns offer reliable protection for damaged teeth while providing aesthetic benefits when caring for your dental health. Your dentist can help you decide which one is best suited to your individual needs.
How the Procedure is Performed?
A ceramic crown procedure usually involves two visits to your dentist. During the first appointment, the tooth will be prepared, and a dental impression will be taken of the area. Then, a temporary crown will be placed over your tooth to protect it while your custom-made ceramic crown is being crafted in a dental laboratory.
During the second appointment, your dentist will check the fitting and appearance of the finished ceramic crown before bonding it permanently into place using dental cement.
Caring for Your Ceramic Crown
When it comes to caring for your ceramic crown, follow the same oral hygiene habits as you would with a natural tooth. This includes brushing twice daily and flossing at least once per day.
Avoid chewing hard foods or objects, such as ice or hard candy, as these can potentially damage your crown. Additionally, keep regular dental visits for professional teeth cleaning and monitor the health of both your crown and natural teeth.
By following these tips, you can ensure that your ceramic crown lasts many years. With proper care, it will continue to protect your tooth while maintaining its appearance for a great smile.
Ceramic crowns offer many benefits in terms of protection, durability, and aesthetics, making them a great choice for restoring damaged teeth, especially those that are visible when smiling.
Both all-ceramic and PFM crowns provide reliable protection for damaged teeth, but the most suitable type will depend on your individual needs. All-ceramic crown has superior aesthetic results, while PFM crown is more cost-effective.
Regardless of the type of crown you choose, proper care is essential to ensure that it lasts for many years. Daily brushing and flossing habits and regular dental visits will help keep your ceramic crown in optimal condition.